Does cesarean section delivery affect a child’s risk of developing gastrointestinal diseases?

Crohn's disease

New research published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica suggests that babies born via cesarean section delivery may face a higher risk of developing Crohn’s disease later in life.

In the national population-based study, all full-term individuals registered in the Medical Birth Register in Sweden between 1990 and 2000 were followed until 2017. Among 1,102,468 individuals, of whom 11.6% were delivered by cesarean section and 88.4% were vaginally delivered, cesarean section was associated with a 14% higher risk of developing Crohn’s disease after adjusting for confounding factors. No associations between delivery mode and appendicitis, ulcerative colitis, cholecystitis, or diverticulosis were found.

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